Even in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, women make 31% less then men in their first year after graduation, according to a study published this week in the American Economic Review.
It’s hard to pinpoint whether discrimination plays a role, according to co- author Bruce Weinberg, an Ohio State University economist. His research, which examined data from 1,237 new PhDs at 4 research universities, showed that the fields men and women choose to enter explains 20% of the gender pay gap. "Women go into biomedical fields, and men go into engineering, math, and computer science," he says, and biomedical fields pay less.
It also seems that married women with children in STEM jobs earn less— possibly because of discrimination or because more lucrative jobs aren’t family-friendly.