Contraception and Conception

Recent guidance has highlighted the importance of combining effective contraception with antiretroviral treatment (ART) in women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

Studies presented at the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) last week highlighted gaps in access to contraceptives, and the realities of conceiving with HIV.

One study found that half of women living with HIV on lifelong ART said their last pregnancy was unintended. Another study in South Africa found that women with HIV took 3 times as long to conceive compared to HIV-negative women. As viral suppression among women on ART isn’t a given, this lengthy conception period highlights the need to reduce transmission risk.


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