Marked Progress, with Hurdles Ahead

A new global burden of pneumonia analysis shows some marked progress—pneumonia incidence in under-5s fell 30% from 2000-2015. The number of deaths among young children almost halved, and almost half of deaths occurred in just 5 countries. And a 187% jump in hospital admissions for childhood pneumonia reflects improvements in hospital access.

Still, the authors note, the disease’s burden remains high: some 921,000 under-5s died of pneumonia in 2015.

The study improves on previous estimates by folding in a host of new factors, such as data from Chinese language databases and modeling based on 7 risk factors—including HIV and measles immunization data—rather than 5.

The Lancet Global Health

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