Tracking Antibiotics, Country by Country

Global antibiotic use among children varies widely among countries, but with no clear divide between high- and low-income nations.  

Yesterday, The Lancet Infectious Diseases published the first attempt to estimate antibiotic use by under-5s at the country level. Beyond measuring consumption patterns, the findings could help guide countries’ stewardship targets.

Narrow-spectrum antibiotics—the ideal first- and second-line treatment for common childhood bacterial infections—accounted for 3/4th of children's antibiotic use in 70 countries. However, China and India were among 17 countries where broader-spectrum drugs more likely to drive antibiotic resistance accounted for more than 20% of antibiotics consumed by children.  

CIDRAP

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