Getting to the Bottom of AFM

Some researchers are ready to declare a consensus on what is causing acute flaccid myelitis, the mysterious polio-like illness that has affected more than 500 children in the US.

After searching 42 patients’ spinal fluid for thousands of viruses, researchers found that 69% had elevated antibodies against common enteroviruses, compared to 7% in the control group, according to the Nature Medicine study.

But the design of the study wasn’t air-tight, and there remains a mystery of why only certain children are susceptible to AFM after catching a pretty common enterovirus.

Could there be a genetic predisposition? An especially powerful strain? More studies are needed to find out.

Science
 

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