Ending decades of policies that limited most urban families to having a single child, China’s Communist Party leadership announced today that couples may have 2 children.

The UN estimates that Africa's population will double to 2.5 billion by 2050, and 4 experts tell the BBC how the boom will affect the continent. High fertility, says John Wilmoth, director of the UN population division, has led to about 3/5ths of the population being under…

In the wake of Liberia’s Ebola outbreak, tens of thousands of births have not been recorded, according to UNICEF. As many health facilities shut down during the Ebola outbreak, and parents were preoccupied with more pressing demands than paperwork, the number of…

Half a dozen experts with informed opinions about overpopulation speak out in the aftermath of a recent Retro Report examining Paul Ehrlich’s 1968 doomsday predictions for our overcrowded planet. Among them: A statistics professor who argues that Ehrlich was right, but…

“The battle to feed all of humanity is over,” prophesied Stanford University biologist Paul R. Erlich in The Population Bomb, a 1968 book replete with dire predictions—one being that 65 million Americans would starve to death in the 1970s. Ominous overpopulation…

Half a century ago in China’s Rudong county, communist officials heeded the government warnings about overpopulation and pioneered a 1-child policy a decade before it went national in 1979. Today, it’s a window on China’s demographic future, according to this Bloomberg…