Why do many US mothers struggle with breastfeeding? UCLA evolutionary anthropologist Brooke Scelza found a possible answer among Namibia’s Himba ethnic group.Through interviews with about 30 Himba moms, she uncovered a key practice that helps them succeed at breastfeeding:…

Pew distinguished fellow Alfred Sommer linked vitamin A deficiencies with child mortality in the 1970s, a discovery the World Bank has called “one of the most cost-effective health treatments in history.”

In conflicts and disasters, homes and schools are destroyed, livelihoods are lost, and protections evaporate—placing children at especially high risk of child labor.

To those of us who knew Babatunde Osotimehin, MD, he was simply “Prof.” Yes, he had many distinguished titles in his career. At the time of his death, Babatunde was the 4th executive director of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the under-secretary-general of the UN. He…

The government in Burma (Myanmar) continues to block humanitarian access to areas of conflict, a stance that has led to as many as 150 daily deaths of children younger than 5, according to a recent UNICEF report.   “This alert is an opportunity to make more visible the…

The global number of children who died dropped from 14.2 million in 1990 to 7.3 million in 2015, says a newly published JAMA Pediatrics report. Unfortunately, the news is not all good. Children in poor countries now live long enough to suffer the effects of birth defects,…

About 90% of child laborers and residents living near tanneries in Bangladesh will die before age 50, according to a new WHO report. Toxic chemicals used to process leather have permeated the air, streets and rivers, and employers do not provide protective equipment.  

2 new WHO reports outline the dire effects of the environment on children under 5. 1.7 million children died before their fifth birthday due to preventable exposure to air pollution, contaminated water, unsafe sanitary practices and second-hand smoke.   The pair of reports…

People have wondered for decades what was causing thousands of children in rural areas of northern Uganda and South Sudan to suffer from nodding syndrome, a rare form of epilepsy. Scientists now believe it is caused by the body’s immune response to the same parasitic worm…

US teens who use electronic vapor products may also engage in the sorts of high risk behaviors long associated with adolescent cigarette smoking, according to a study released this month in the journal Pediatrics.