US epidemiologists have pinpointed the largest reported cluster—416 cases—of advanced black lung disease, caused by inhalation of coal and silica dust in coal mines, in 3 clinics in central Appalachia.

Alzheimer’s slow onset makes the devastating disease hard to track until it’s too late—but a spate of studies suggest diabetes and high blood sugar levels hint at a source.

Air pollution is a worrisome fact of life throughout Africa, Asia and the Middle East, but in places like Delhi, India—where it may be responsible for as many as 30,000 deaths each year—worry has escalated to crisis.

Stroke and other noncommunicable diseases are on the rise in Africa, requiring lifelong maintenance and pricey drugs many struggle to access.

The fight against HIV in Uganda provides lessons to combat a disease largely eliminated in developed countries: rheumatic heart disease (RHD).

A credit card-sized electrocardiogram (ECG) could expedite heart care for millions in India, where cardiovascular disease is the leading killer and prohibitive costs limit access to care.

An experimental gene therapy could change the lives of those living with hemophilia A, an incredibly high-maintenance bleeding disorder that requires frequent injections.

Developing countries used to fighting hunger must now shift gears to tackle obesity as their economies grow. Growing economies—particularly in quickly-urbanizing Asia and Africa—must control the collateral damage of convenience, write Asit K. Biswas and Kris Hartley. The…

Veterans are dying from cancer traced to a southeast Asian parasite endemic to Vietnam’s rivers. The symptoms take decades to appear.The US Department of Veterans Affairs research found 20% of 50 blood samples tested positive or bordering positive for liver fluke antibodies…

Mongolia is stepping up to tackle chronic hepatitis, the culprit behind the country’s unparalleled toll of liver cancer.   With 400,000 cases of chronic hepatitis, Mongolia tops the list globally for the disease, a scourge the WHO traces to a hepatitis spike brought on by…