Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS continues to grow, but not for some of those most at risk—including lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities.

Life expectancy globally increased by 5 years between 2000 and 2015, the fastest increase since the 1960s, according to a new World Health Statistics report by WHO. The greatest gain was in the African Region of WHO where life expectancy increased by 9.4 years to 60 years…

A short history of China’s attitude to parents during its one-child policy is revealed in its slogans:   1985: “Family Planning Is Good, the Government Will Take Of You When You Are Old.” 1995: “Family Planning Is Good, the Government Provides Senior Care.”  2012: “…

The project is called “Underworlds.” Its aim: Track the micobiota of an entire city. Its goals: Analyze the city’s wastewater to anticipate outbreaks, map antibiotic resistance and monitor public health interventions.

In the past 5 years, Japan’s population has dropped by nearly one million people, according to government data, fueling concerns about a coming demographic crisis. The decline of 0.7% to 127.1 million had been predicted by the government, but thenew statistics confirm the…

India’s Supreme Court will review a colonial-era law that criminalizes homosexuality and imposes a 10-year sentence for gay sex, at a time when the nation is navigating a path between tradition and modernity.

When it comes to deciding where to die, doctors are less likely than others to choose a medical facility, according to a new study in JAMA. About 63% of the physicians died in a medical facility, compared to 72% of people in the general population group.

2015 was a landmark year in the US for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) civil rights, with marriage equality, improved delivery of HIV prevention and care, and the end of conversion therapy. For 2016, the US Department of Health and Human Services…

Skin lighteners—used by up to 70% of women in parts of Africa—are damaging. In fact, the WHO has banned the active ingredients of skin lighteners—a hydroquinone and mercury—from being used in any unregulated skin products. But Lester M. Davids, a University of Cape Town…

In the wake of police killings in Baltimore, Ferguson, Missouri, and other cities, doctors—and the medical schools that train them—must also be part of the solution, says a new editorial by doctors at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. “Residency programs have a duty to…