For women in Pakistan, son preference increasingly influences parity progression and contraception choices, though research on the topic is slim.

A new census in Pakistan counts 207.7 million people—a 57% increase since 1998, vaulting the nation over Brazil and making it the world’s 5th-most-populous country.   With 22 births per 1,000 people and less than a third of women using any form of birth control, Pakistan…

Dual forces of longer life expectancy and shifting demographics are increasing the need for policies that support informal caregiving of elders.