The impact of climate change in India now extends to weddings.   In rural regions, families of young women are rejecting the proposals of suitors, whose earning prospects as farmers or laborers have become increasingly dim due to drought-ruined crops and dry reservoirs.   “…

The most detailed map to date of HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa, published yesterday in Nature, zooms in on the worst-affected areas—not just by country, but down to the size of a small town.   The epidemiologists behind the tool hope it will help target resources…

Some encouraging news came with words of warning from the WHO: Global life expectancy climbed 5.5 years from 2000-2016, the UN health agency said yesterday. Progress against diseases like malaria contributed to a dramatic drop in under-5 deaths; considerable advances…

Aiming to understand how demographic variations impacted the efficacy of natural selection, researchers compared 2 populations that lived through the hugely significant Neolithic transition to agriculture. Demographic shifts help dictate the number and severity of…

For women in Pakistan, son preference increasingly influences parity progression and contraception choices, though research on the topic is slim.

A new census in Pakistan counts 207.7 million people—a 57% increase since 1998, vaulting the nation over Brazil and making it the world’s 5th-most-populous country.   With 22 births per 1,000 people and less than a third of women using any form of birth control, Pakistan…

Dual forces of longer life expectancy and shifting demographics are increasing the need for policies that support informal caregiving of elders.