DAKAR—Senegal’s bustling capital—one of West Africa’s biggest cities, with nearly 2.5 million people—is surprisingly calm and quiet in the early hours of the morning.

An alarming number of Indian women diagnosed with breast cancer do not survive—but low-cost screening devices could make a difference.   Only 66% of Indian women with breast cancer live 5 years beyond diagnosis, compared to about 90% in many Western countries. Late…

After being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, Astrid’s success with chemotherapy was short-lived. When stem cell donations became her last hope, she discovered a shocking ethnic disparity in the global pool of donated stem cells, the mother of 2 writes. Stem cells…

How serious is the threat to sub-Saharan Africa posed by noncommunicable diseases? Consider 2 new findings by Hebe N. Gouda, University of Queensland, and colleagues in the Lancet Global Health. Using data from 1990 to 2017, they found:

Cancer, now the leading killer in wealthy countries, is on track to outpace cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death globally in the next few decades, according to research published yesterday in the Lancet.  

It seems logical that large, long-living mammals would be more prone to cancer—they have more cells and more opportunities for dangerous mutations. But in a “quirk of nature” they actually die of cancer less frequently than their smaller cousins.

The yawning gap in child cancer survival between wealthy and poorer countries is fueled by a perception that treatment is too costly and complicated for low-resource settings.   North American children with cancer now have a 5-year survival rate of 80%—while more than 80%…

In the last 2 decades, more than 30 countries moved from low-income to middle-income status, a billion people were lifted out of poverty, and there were major reductions in maternal and child mortality globally. Despite this progress, middle-income countries, where over 70…

A “whole-system failure” and “paternalism” in Irish health care resulted in some 208 women receiving false negative pap smear results. An agency outsourced screenings to unapproved labs, and authorities failed to notify patients when errors were found.

The WHO has highlighted the “unacceptably high” epilepsy treatment gap in a new report calling for solutions rooted in primary care.